Patriot act: the road for Big Brother
What is the Patriot Act? What’s its impact of our life?
The USA PATRIOT Act, commonly known as the Patriot Act, is an Act of Congress that President George W. Bush signed into law on October 26, 2001. The acronym stands for: Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-56).
The Act expanded the authority of U.S. law enforcement agencies for the stated purpose of fighting terrorism in the United States and abroad. Among its provisions, the Act increased the ability of law enforcement agencies to search telephone and e-mail communications and medical, financial and other records; eased restrictions on foreign intelligence gathering within the United States; expanded the Secretary of the Treasury’s authority to regulate financial transactions, particularly those involving foreign individuals and entities; and enhanced the discretion of law enforcement and immigration authorities in detaining and deporting immigrants suspected of terrorism-related acts. The act also expanded the definition of terrorism to include “domestic terrorism,” thus enlarging the number of activities to which the Patriot Act’s expanded law enforcement powers can be applied.
We could paste a lot of its words, but you can read it by yourself. We want to talk about its impact of our life of everyday. The act is divided into titles:
- Titles I and X: Miscellaneous provisions
- Title II: Surveillance procedures
- Title III: Anti-money-laundering to prevent terrorism
- Title IV: Border security
- Title V: Terrorism investigation
- Title VI: Victims and families of victims of terrorism
- Title VII: Information sharing for infrastructure protection
- Title VIII: Terrorism criminal law
- Title IX: Improved Intelligence
At the insistence of Republican Representative Richard Armey, the Act had a number of sunset provisions built in, which were originally set to expire on December 31, 2005. The sunset provision of the Act also took into account any ongoing foreign intelligence investigations and allowed them to continue once the sections had expired. The provisions that were to expire are below.
|201||Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic communications relating to terrorism|
|202||Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic communications relating to computer fraud and abuse offenses|
|203(b)||Authority to share electronic, wire and oral interception information|
|204||Clarification of intelligence exceptions from limitations on interception and disclosure of wire, oral, and electronic communications|
|206||Roving surveillance authority under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.|
|207||Duration of FISA surveillance of non-United States persons who are agents of a foreign power|
|209||Seizure of voice-mail messages pursuant to warrants|
|212||Emergency disclosure of electronic communications to protect life and limb|
|214||Pen register and trap and trace authority under FISA|
|215||Access to records and other items under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.|
|217||Interception of computer trespasser communications|
|218||Foreign intelligence information|
|220||Nationwide service of search warrants for electronic evidence|
|223||Civil liability for certain unauthorized disclosures|
|225||Immunity for compliance with FISA wiretap|
In other words it is the passport for the data surveillance: some years ago they had ECHELON and the UKUSA network and they were discovered in global monitoring by the STOA report (we hope to talk more about it in another article).
After 9/11 they proposed and approved the right to MONITOR YOU: with the pretext of terrorism they violate your privacy everyday WITHOUT YOUR PERMISSION.
American citizens, do you understand you have no rights in your country? Do you know the Protect America Act?
FISA 101: Why FISA Modernization Amendments Must Be Made Permanent
FISA Amendments In The Protect America Act Of 2007 Remain Necessary To Keep Our Nation Safe
The Protect America Act modernized the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) to provide our intelligence community essential tools to acquire important information about terrorists who want to harm America. The Act, which passed with bipartisan support in the House and Senate and was signed into law by President Bush on August 5, 2007, restores FISA to its original focus of protecting the rights of persons in the United States, while not acting as an obstacle to gathering foreign intelligence on targets located in foreign countries. By enabling our intelligence community to close a critical intelligence gap that existed before the Act became law, the Protect America Act has already made our Nation safer.
The tools provided by the Protect America Act are scheduled to expire in early February 2008 – it is essential that Congress act to make the legislation permanent. Congress must also pass legislation to provide meaningful liability protection to those alleged to have assisted our Nation following the 9/11 attacks.
The Protect America Act Of 2007 Modernizes FISA In Four Important Ways
1. The Protect America Act permits our intelligence professionals to more effectively collect foreign intelligence information on targets in foreign lands without first receiving court approval. The new law accomplishes this by clarifying that FISA’s definition of “electronic surveillance” does not apply to activities directed at persons reasonably believed to be outside the United States, thereby restoring the statute to its original focus on appropriate protections for the rights of persons in the United States.
2. The Protect America Act provides a role for the FISA Court in reviewing the procedures the intelligence community uses to ensure that collection remains directed at persons located overseas. The Attorney General is required to submit to the FISA court the procedures by which the Federal government determines that the authorized acquisitions of foreign intelligence do not constitute electronic surveillance and thus do no trigger FISA’s court approval requirements.
3. The Protect America Act provides a mechanism for the FISA Court to direct third parties to assist the intelligence community in its collection efforts. The Act permits the Director of National Intelligence and the Attorney General to direct communications service providers to provide the information, facilities, and assistance necessary to conduct authorized foreign intelligence activities. In the event such a person fails to comply with a directive, the Attorney General may invoke the aid of the FISA Court to compel compliance with the directive. By the same token, the Act allows third parties to challenge a directive in the FISA Court.
4. The Protect America Act protects third parties from private lawsuits arising from assistance they provide the Government in authorized foreign intelligence activities targeting individuals located outside the United States. But the Act does not provide retrospective liability protection for those alleged to have assisted our Nation following the 9/11 attacks. Congress needs to act to provide such protection.
The Basics Of FISA: Why The Protect America Act Of 2007 Is Necessary To Bring The Law Up-To-Date
Congress enacted the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) in 1978 to regulate the Government’s efforts to conduct certain foreign intelligence surveillance activities directed at persons in the United States. Congress recognized that the Government must be able to effectively collect foreign intelligence about those who wish to harm our country. To allow this collection to proceed while protecting the rights of Americans in the United States, Congress established a process for judicial approval that generally applied when the government targeted persons located inside the United States for foreign intelligence surveillance – but which generally did not apply to activities directed at persons overseas.
Revolutionary advances in telecommunications technology since 1978 have upset the careful balance established by Congress to distinguish between surveillance governed by FISA and surveillance directed at targets outside the U.S. The mechanism Congress used to identify which activities fell within FISA’s scope – and to strike the balance between surveillance directed at persons overseas and persons in the United States – was a careful and complex definition of the term “electronic surveillance.” This definition was framed in terms of the specific communications technologies used in 1978.
As a result, prior to the Protect America Act, the Government often needed to obtain a court order before vital intelligence collection could begin against a terrorist or other foreign intelligence target located in a foreign country. These targets often were communicating with other foreign persons overseas, but FISA’s court order requirement still applied. It made no sense to require the Government to obtain a court order to collect foreign intelligence on targets located in foreign countries, nor was such a requirement intended when Congress passed FISA nearly 30 years ago.
This requirement resulted in a critical intelligence gap that was making our Nation less safe. Requiring the Government to go to court before the collection of foreign intelligence could begin resulted, as the Director of National Intelligence put it, in our intelligence professionals “missing a significant amount of foreign intelligence that we should be collecting to protect our country.”
By changing FISA’s definition of electronic surveillance to clarify that the statute does not apply to surveillance directed at overseas targets, the Protect America Act has enabled the intelligence community to close this critical intelligence gap. The Protect America Act makes clear – consistent with the intent of the Congress that enacted FISA in 1978 – that our intelligence community should not have to get bogged down in a court approval process to gather foreign intelligence on targets located in foreign countries. It does not change the strong protections FISA provides to people in the United States. FISA’s definition of electronic surveillance remains unchanged for surveillance directed at people in the United States, and continues to require court approval as it did before.
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Therewere people who died to build The Bill of Rights and for your 1st Amendment:
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Where are terrorists? Who are terrorists? Are you sure your government is telling the truth?